The seeds of raspberry were found at excavations of settlements dated to the Stone and the Bronze Ages. The raspberry was well-known to the Ancient Greeks and the Romans. The first record of raspberry as a cultivated plant us dated to the 3rd century BC. In the Ancient Rus, people cooked stewed fruit and berries from raspberry and cranberry. It was commonly served to guests and was taken medicinally.
Raspberry is popularly liked and valued by its great taste, a tender and delicate aroma of berries and wonderful healing properties. It is a common cultivated plant in small holdings and gardens. Raspberry berries contain up to 11,5% of sugar (glucose, fructose and saccharose), organic acids (citric, malic, salicylic) tannins , pectin (up to 0,9%), cellulose (4-6%), anthocyanins, flavonoids, minerals and microelements ( ferrum, potassium, cuprum, calcium, magnesium, cobalt, zinc), vitamins C, B1, B2, PP, A and folic acid.
Raspberry is poor with vitamin C but it is rich with ferrum. The berry contains more ferrum than any other horticultural crops (per 100 g of berries- 2-3,6 mg), except cherry and gooseberry. Raspberry seeds contain fatty oil and beta-sitosterol that have anti- sclerotic effects. The leaves contain flavonoids, organic acids, coumarins (08-4 mg\%) that normalize blood coagulability and lower the prothrombin level, anthocyans that have anti-sclerotic effects and fortify capillary vessels.
As raspberry berries contain large amount of salicylic acid, the berry has sweating and antipyretic actions, thus raspberry is good for treatment of cold related diseases. Sweating effects of raspberry are useful to hypertensive persons: much amount of sodium chloride is being removed when sweating, thus the arterial tension decreases. Raspberry is recommended to persons with slow digestion and retention of feces as it contains much cellulose.
The folk-medicine recommends raspberry for reducing the size of the prostate and improving the digestive processes. Also it is a good antiemetic agent. Raspberry is good to people who have different types of anemia. Organic acids in raspberry improve accessibility of ferrum in the digestive tract. Raspberry is a recommended source of potassium salt to patients with heart diseases and heart beat disorders. Raspberry juice and tea are good for diabetes mellitus treatment.
Raspberry contains phytoncids that kill Staphylococcus aureus, yeast and mold fungus spores. Raspberry tea is a great measure for removing unpleasant menstruation symptoms and during the premenstrual period. The tea eases menstrual cramping pains and nausea, has smoothing and restorative effects and sets a normal menstruation cycle. Raspberry tones the skin and improves its color. As raspberry contains much cuprum it is an antidepressant and that is why, it is good to people who have much stress in their lives.
Raspberry contains much purine bases, thus people who have urate thesaurismosis and Bright’s disease should not consume it. Some people are allergic to the raspberry berries.